Jamb Syllabus for Biology 2023/2024 PDF Download | Biology Jamb Syllabus 2023

Jamb Syllabus for biology 2023/2024 Pdf Download: do you want to download latest jamb syllabus for biology 2023 ? If yes, keel reading.

Biology syllabus consists of comprehensive list of topics to cover up to prepare for jamb examination.

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Jamb Biology Syllabus 2023/2024 General Objective

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Biology is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination.

It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

Demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the concepts of the interdependence and unity of life;

Account for continuity of life through reorganization, inheritance and evolution;

Apply biological principles and concepts to everyday life, especially to matters affecting the individual, society, the environment, community health and the

Jamb Syllabus for Biology 2023/2024

Topics General Objectives
Part A: Variety of Organisms
Living organisms: (a) Characteristics
(b) Cell structure and functions of cell Components
(c) Level of organization
i. Cell e.g. Amoeba, cheek cell
ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues
iii. Organ, e.g. leaf and heart
iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive
v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas
Evolution among the following: (a) . Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and
blue green algae.
(b) . Protista (protozoans and protophyta), e.g.
Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium
(c) . Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.
(d) . Plantae (plants)
i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g.
Bryachymenium and Merchantia.
iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and
– Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
– Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots,
e.g. water leaf)
(e). Animalia (animals)
i. Invertebrates
– coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
– Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
– Nematoda (roundworms)
– Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
– Arthropoda (insects) e.g. Millipedes, ticks,
mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
– Mollusca (e.g. snails)
ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
– pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
– Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
– Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
– Aves (birds)
– Mammalia (mammals)
(a) Structural/functional and behavioural
adaptations of Organism
(b) . Adaptive colouration and its functions
(c) . Behavioural adaptations in social animals
(d) . Structural adaptations in organisms.
Part B: Form & Functions
1. Internal structure of a flowering plant
i. Root
ii. Stem
iii. Leaf
(b) . Internal structure of a mammal
Nutrition (a). Modes of nutrition:
i. Autotrophic
ii. Heterotrophic
(b) Types of Nutrition
(c) Plant nutrition:
i. Photosynthesis
ii. Mineral requirements (macro and micro-
(d) Animal Nutrition:
i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates,
proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts
and water
ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar,
protein, oil, fat etc.
iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types
and functions)
iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion,
absorption, and assimilation of digested
Transport (a) . Need for transportation
(b) . Materials for transportation. Excretory
products, gases, manufactured food, digested
food, nutrient, water and hormones)
(c) . Channels for transportation
i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart,
arteries, veins, and capillaries)
ii Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
(d) . Media and processes of mechanism for
Respiration (a) . Respiratory organs and surfaces
(b) . The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
i. Plants
ii. Mammals
(c) . Aerobic respiration
(d) . Anaerobic respiration
Excretion (a) . Types of excretory structures: contractile
vacuole, flamecell, nephridium, Malpighian
tubule, kidney, stoma and lenticel.
(b) . Excretory mechanisms:
i. Kidneys
ii. lungs
ii. skin
(c) . Excretory products of plants
Support and movement (a) . Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep movements
in plants
(b) . Supporting tissues in animals
(c) . Types and functions of the skeleton
i. Exoskeleton
ii. Endoskeleton
iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals
Reproduction (a) . A sexual reproduction
i. Fission as in Paramecium
ii. Budding as in yeast
iii. Natural vegetative propagation
iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.
(b) . sexual reproduction in flowering plants
i. Floral parts and their functions
ii. Pollination and fertilization
iii. products of sexual reproduction
(c) . Reproduction in mammals
i. structures and functions of the male and
female reproductive organs
ii. Fertilization and development. (Fusion of
Growth (a) . Meaning fo grwoth
(b) . Germination of seeds and condition
necessary for germination of seeds.
9. Co-ordination and control
(a) . Nervous coordination:
i. the components, structure and functions of
the central nervous system;
ii. The components and functions of the
peripheral nervous systems;
iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
iv. Reflex action
(b) . The sense organs
i. skin (tactile)
ii. nose (olfactory)
iii. tongue (taste)
iv. eye (sight)
v. ear (auditory)
(c) . Hormonal control
i. animal hormonal system
– Pituitary
– thyroid
– parathyroid
– adrenal gland
– pancreas
– gonads
ii. Plant hormones
(d) . Homeostasis
i. Body temperature regulation
ii. Salt and water regulation
Part C: Ecology
Factors affecting the distribution of
i. Abiotic
ii. Biotic
Symbiotic interactions of plants and
(a) Food chains, food webs and trophic levels
(b) Energy flow in the ecosystem.
(c) Nutrient cycling in nature
i. carbon cycle
ii. water cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle
Natural Habitats (a) Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes
seashores and mangrove swamps)
(b) Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil
palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy
(savanna) field, and burrow or hole.
Local (Nigerian) Biomes) (a) . Tropical rainforest
(b) . Guinea savanna (southern and northern)
(c) . Sudan Savanna
(d) . Desert
(e) . Highlands of montane forests and
grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla
The Ecology of Populations: (a) Population density and overcrowding.
(b) Factors affecting population sizes:
i. Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation,
competition, reproductive ability).
ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light,
rainfall, topography, pressure, pH,
(c) . Ecological succession
i. primary succession
ii. secondary succession
SOIL (a) characteristics of different types of soil
(sandy, loamy, clayey)
i. soil structure
ii. porosity, capillarity and humus content
iii. Components of the soil
i. inorganic
ii. organic
iii. soil organisms
(b) Soil fertility:
i. loss of soil fertility
ii. Renewal and maintenance of soil fertility
Humans and Environment (a) Diseases:
i Common and endemic diseases.
ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease
syndrome such as:
– poliomyelitis
– cholera
– tuberculosis
– sexually transmitted disease/syndrome
(gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.
(b) . Pollution and its control
(i) sources, types, effects and methods of
(ii) Sanitation and sewage
(c) Conservation of Natural Resources
(d) Game reserves and National parks
Part D: Heredity and Variations
Variation in Population (a) . Morphological variations in the physical
appearance of individuals.
(i) size (height, weight)
(ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals,
scales and feathers.
(iii) Fingerprints
(b) . Physiological variation
(i) Ability to roll tongue
(ii) Ability to taste phenylthiocarbamide (PTC)
(iii) Blood groups
(c) . Application of discontinuous variation in
crime detection, blood transfusion and
determination of paternity.
Heredity (a) Inheritance of characters in organisms;
i) Heritable and non-heritable characters.
(b) Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
(i) Structure
(ii) Process of transmission of hereditary
characters from parents to offspring.
(c) Probability in genetics and sex
(d) Application of the principles of heredity in:
i) Agriculture
(ii) Medicine
(e) . Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness,
haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.
Part E: Evolution
Theories of evolution (a) Lamarck’s theory
(b) Darwin’s theory
(c) organic theory
Evidence of evolution

Jamb Biology Syllabus 2023 Recommended Textbook

Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina
J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School
Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman
Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of
Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann
Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and
Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior
Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3,
Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern
Biology, SS Science Series. New
Edition, AFP
Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior
Secondary Schools. Revised Edition,
Ibadan: Heinemann
Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982)
Biology for West African Schools.
Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of
practical Biology 2nd Edition,
University Press, Limited